Contrast between the nursing process and the research process

Research Paper Benchmark: Outline and References My 2 leaders are Jimmy Hoffa and Robert Kennedy Submit a one or two page outline of your research paper. Ensure you include detail for each section that shows what direction will be taken. Include a minimum of five references in proper APA format you will use for your final submission. Sample beginning outline: Introduction Organizational crisis response will yield both effective and ineffective actions as some tasks will be managed well and others will fail (Pearson & Clair, 1998). It is important to compare and contrast leadership response to major crises to further the understanding of crisis leadership. Mayor Giuliani and Mayor Nagin both experienced significant organizational crises following major tragedies and their response to organizational crisis requires further exploration through a speech analysis of emergent themes. Background Information Mayor Giuliani Giuliani worked as an Associate Attorney General and eventually US Attorney for Southern District of New York. During his tenure as Attorney General, Giuliani focused on drug dealers and organized crime, where he had a record 4,152 convictions with only 25 reversals (Giuliani, 2006). As mayor from 1993-2001, Giuliani saw a 57 % decline in felony crimes and a 68% decline in the murder rate. These, according to Mott (2001) made New York City a safer place to live and increased tourism. September 11, 2001 The attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, is the single greatest tragedy in United States history and is often cited as the reason for changing U.S. policy toward terrorism (Lincoln, 2005). New York City’s response to the plane crashes was immediate (within five seconds of the first crash), with “principle response from the Fire Department of New York, the New York Police Department, the Port Authority Police Department (PAPD) and the Mayor’s Office of Emergency Management (OEM)” (Kean & Hamilton, 2004, p. 281). Mayor Nagin VP of Cox Communication before becoming mayor (Meister, 2003) Moderate success leading up to Hurricane Katrine (Meister, 2003) Hurricane Katrina Most powerful storm in US history (Vanden Brook & Copeland, 2005) Looting was a major problem (Barringer and Longman, 2005) Literature Review Definition of a crisis Crisis is hard to control (Boin & Hart, 2003) Event that causes extreme distress (Mitroff, 2005) Leaders in a time of crisis Characteristics include think critically, preparation, training, etc. (Mullins, 2003) The public has expectations of the leader (Boin & Hart, 2003) Etc….. References: Boin A. & Hart, P. (2003). Public leadership in times of crisis: Mission impossible? Public Administration Review, 63(5), p. 544. Giuliani, R. (2006). Biography of Mayor Rudy Giuliani. Retrieved from (Links to an external site.). Lincoln, B.G. (2005). Leadership in the aftermath of September, 11th. Dissertation Abstracts International, 64(02), 570. (UMI No. 3184348). Mullins, L. (2003). The impact of September 11, 2001 on health care leadership and environment of care outcome scores of U.S. hospitals as measured by the joint commission on accreditation of health care organizations. Dissertation Abstracts, (UMI: 3089102). Vanden Brook, T. & Copeland, L. (2005, August 29). Hurricane Katrina: 160-mph monster. USA Today. Previous Previous: 4.1 – Written Analysis: Critical Thinking Questions NextNext Module: Module 5 – Communication, Coaching, Conflict Skills and Leadership-Member Exchange and Followership (02/08/16 – 02/14/16)
September 13, 2020
September 13, 2020

Contrast between the nursing process and the research process

Nursing process is the systematic step by step process of preparing for, delivering and reviewing nursing care delivery to patients. Nursing research is scientific process that aims at shaping health policy and developing the body of knowledge through scientific inquiry (American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), 2006). Both processes are scientific in nature and they deal with facts as guided by investigations.

Both the processes of research and nursing are problems that start with gathering of information (McCabe & Macnee, 2008). In nursing process, assessment is equivalent of problem identification of the research process. Evaluation, the last step in the nursing process corresponds to the analysis, and recommendations steps of the research process. Implementation step of the nursing process is equal to the data collection step of the research process.

McCabe and Macnee (2008) assert that the second ,third and the fourth steps of the two processes appear to be similar though in close scrutiny differences are realized. The second step, which concerns planning for example, differs in the purpose. The research process plan aims at validating or developing knowledge while nursing process aims at providing evidence-based care to patients. Further, evaluation in nursing process focuses on outcomes, while data analysis in research process focuses on understanding. America Nurses Association (2003)notes that the main aim of research process is to fulfil the professional’s mandate by optimizing the well-being and health of populations.

Even though there are some differences between the two processes, they should enjoy a relationship since the two depend on one another. The knowledge basis of the nursing process is provided by the research process.


American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (AACN), (2006). Nursing research. Washington, DC: American Association of Colleges of Nursing.

American Nurses Association. (2003). Nursing’s social policy statement: second edition. Washington, DC: American Nurses Association.

McCabe, S. & Macnee, C. (2008). Understanding nursing research: Using Research in Evidence Based Practice (2nd ed). United States of America: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins publishers.


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