Discuss the advantage and disadvantage of the following hospital payment systems on cost containment and provider behavior

ESSAY INFO:

Discuss the advantage and disadvantage of the following hospital payment systems on cost containment and provider behavior:

• Fee-for-service
• Per diem
• The DRG-based payment system (i.e., Medicare’s Inpatient Prospective Payment System)
• Capitation
SLP Assignment Expectations:
• Cite all sources and provide a reference list at the end of the paper.

REFERENCE/ INFO


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Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. (2010). Medicare Payment Basics: Hospital Acute Inpatient Services Payment System. Available at http://www.medpac.gov/documents/MedPAC_Payment_Basics_10_hospital.pdf (Retrieved 11/21/2012)

Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. (2010). Medicare Payment Basics: Outpatient Hospital Services Payment System. Available at http://www.medpac.gov/documents/MedPAC_Payment_Basics_10_OPD.pdf (Retrieved 11/21/2012)

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. (2010). Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System. The Medicare Learning Network Payment Systems Fact Sheet Series. Available at http://www.cms.gov/MLNProducts/downloads/HospitalOutpaysysfctsht.pdf (Retrieved 11/21/2012)

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. (2009). Acute Care Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment System. The Medicare Learning Network Payment Systems Fact Sheet Series. Available at http://www.cms.gov/MLNProducts/downloads/AcutePaymtSysfctsht.pdf (Retrieved 11/21/2012)

Office for Oregon Health Policy and Research. (2008). Healthcare Payment Reform & Provider Reimbursement: A Summary of Strategies for Consideration by the Oregon Health Fund Board. Available at http://www.oregon.gov/OHPPR/HFB/Delivery/Payment_Reform_Provider_Reimbursement_Paper.pdf?ga=t (Retrieved 11/21/2012)


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Imagine you are the head administrator at Well Being Hospital, a hypothetical local health care facility.

Imagine you are the head administrator at Well Being Hospital, a hypothetical local health care facility. Your task is to communicate with Get Well Drugs, a major U.S. pharmaceutical manufacturer, in order to determine if the drugs supplied by this manufacturer are within benchmark standards set forth by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and are thus suitable for use at your hospital. Specifically, you have to report your findings to the health care professionals who use these medications.

Note: You may create and / or make all necessary assumptions needed for the completion of this assignment.

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

  1. Recommend a strategy for communication with Get Well Drugs in order to determine if the drugs supplied by this manufacturer are within benchmark standards set forth by the FDA.
  2. Outline a plan for asking questions directed toward Get Well Drugs about any FDA regulations which may be applicable to your local hospital.
  3. Outline a plan for communicating these findings to a local consortium of nurses and physicians at your hospital. This plan must include, at a minimum, the cost of the drugs, as well as the types of drugs for use in mental, behavioral, and general services.
  4. Conclude your findings, in which you suggest the pros and cons of using Get Well Drugs.
  5. Use at least four (4) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.
 

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Find a hospitality job posting from a reputable source* that is inadequate for what job it is referencing

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    Find a hospitality job posting from a reputable source* that is inadequate for what job it is referencing.
     
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    In a minimum 1 page paper you will analyze the article and re-write it correcting errors and to be as thorough as is necessary, but without going so far as to provide too much information (i.e. still keeping the interest of the job seeker).
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      What specific errors or omissions are noted
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      Is this posting in violation of any labor laws
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    For your re-write you will provide any missing details and re-work the description.

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You will be evaluated on your ability to express the functions of the job and provide the necessary information in a legal, professionally correct and engaging manner.
 You will be graded on your creativity as well as grammar.
 All guidelines listed on Page 4 of the Syllabus, under Homework Policy, are to be followed.
 You will include a copy of the original posting when you submit your assignment.

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*Reputable sources include:

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    Chicago Tribune
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    Chicago Sun-Times
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    CareerBuilder
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    Monster
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    Yahoo! Hot Jobs
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    (others will be accepted with prior approval from the Instructor)

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    …….

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Nursing Concept Analysis Article presentation

Nursing Concept Analysis Article presentation Concept Analysis Article presentation Based on your completion of the Week 5 Learning Activities, find a journal article that explores the theoretic meaning of a nursing concept. In a 1-2 page handout, address the following: 1) Briefly describe the concept and include an art form that represents or is an expression of the concept. Examples include: Visual images (photos, cartoons, calendars, paintings, drawings, advertisements). Literature “ short stories, poems, fairy tales. Music “ lyrics, rhythm, tones, musical moods. Movie segments. 2) Briefly identify how the authors of the article developed, clarified, or analyzed the concept. 3) Reflect on how you have experienced this concept (phenomenon) in practice. 4) Explain how this article altered your thinking 5) Cite two sources of your information about the concept and the journal article. Class Note You may be wondering: What exactly is a concept? A concept is a label “ a name for things. Tomey and Alligood (2002) define a concept as “an idea or complex mental image of a phenomenon (object, property, or event)” (p. 7). We need to name things to communicate with one another. For example, to read this information, you are looking at a “computer.” Computer is the name Yndash; label “ concept for this thing that lets us read and store documents. When I use the concept “computer,” you have an image in your mind that helps you understand what I mean when I say “computer.” Concepts help us categorize our knowledge. For example, humans have given a name to every tree, shrub, and flower that we know exist. When I mention the concept “flowers,” you have some understanding of what I mean when I use this word. But the type of flower you are visualizing is probably different than the flower I may be thinking about. Are you picturing a tulip? A pansy? A rose? None of these? “Flowers” is a concept that is broad and more abstract than the concepts of tulip, pansy, and rose. Yet, the concept of “rose” is more abstract than the botanical name for each type of rose. Likewise, “flowers” may be a more abstract concept than “rose,” but it is concrete compared to more abstract concepts such as “garden” or “nature.” As you can see, concepts can range from concrete to abstract. The concepts we use in nursing also range from concrete to abstract. A patient´s “sex,” “height,” and “weight” are examples of concrete concepts. A patient´s “hemoglobin level” and “blood pressure” are slightly more abstract. A patient´s “cardiovascular fitness,” “self-esteem,” and “quality of life” are highly abstract concepts. As concepts become more abstract, they become more difficult to define. A definition is a statement of the meaning of a word, phrase, or term. Definitions help us correctly use words that form our language for communication. But what is the precise definition and theoretical meaning of the concept “wellness”? What is the precise definition of the concept “maternal role attachment”? For many concepts, their meaning depends on who is using the label. For example, let´s identify concepts that are represented in a painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. As you view this painting, what do you see? Look at the title of the painting: “Saint Zenobius Resuscitating a Dead Child.” The title tells you that the painter is trying to convey a “religious” or “spiritual” meaning or perspective. If you were viewing this painting while standing next to a priest or minister, what do you think they would see in the painting? What words or concepts would they communicate to you? Perhaps the priest might say, he sees a “bishop” and “people praying.” Other concepts might be: Christianity, life-after-death, faith and hope. As a nurse, some of the concepts I see are: caring, sadness, and hope. What do you see from the perspective of a nurse? Let´s view another artwork, this time from the Paris WebMuseum. From a nursing perspective, what concepts do you see in this painting? Some of the concepts I see are: illness, caring, elderly patient, nourishment, family, and social support. You can most likely name numerous other concepts that are represented in this painting. For a completely different perspective, think about what an art critic would see when looking at either of these two paintings. An art critic would look at the style, meaning, brush strokes, and time period of the paintings “ important concepts that have meaning and are understood by members of this discipline. McEwen and Wills (2002) state that “concepts explicate the subject matter of the theories of a discipline” (p. 50). For example, concepts from psychology include personality, cognitive thinking, and coping strategies. Concepts from biology include cells, species, and evolution. Many of these concepts also have meaning for us as nurses. In nursing, we often “borrow” concepts from other disciplines, such as adaptation, culture, and homeostasis. Nurses borrow numerous concepts from medicine´s theories of bodily function that are based on the study of physiology. Some concepts have been derived from other disciplines but have been adapted to fit a nursing perspective. Examples include concepts from Maslow´s hierarchy of human needs and Selye´s theory of stress. Other concepts have been developed directly from nursing practice and research, such as maternal-infant bonding, health-promoting behaviors, and self-care deficit. As you can see, a concept can have meanings that vary depending on the perspective of the person using them. Thus theorists in the various disciplines define concepts so that readers can understand their work. In a sense, conceptual meaning is created by disciplines so that its members can clearly communicate with each other. Nursing is now going about the business of clarifying, recognizing, and defining concepts that describe the phenomena of our discipline. The process of exploring the meaning of concepts and bringing clarity to their definitions is referred to as concept analysis. What are the concepts important to nursing? ?Nursing as a young science is grappling with this issue.

 

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